During your course you will be asked to find information from various sources for essays and assignments. These will influence your thinking and you need to acknowledge the authors or creators who produced them. Referencing is the way you let others know which sources you have consulted as part of your work.
You must give proper acknowledgement to the creators of any sources that you have looked at as part of your work.
It shows the reader the breadth of your research.
The reader may want to learn more from the source and will be able to trace it.
You will avoid any claims of copying or plagiarism.
You may lose marks if you have not referenced your sources correctly.
A reference system is a set of rules for recording the details of a source. There are several systems and the one used most widely in the college is the Harvard system. Please check which system to use with your lecturer.
There are two places where you need to reference any sources you have used.
The first is when you mention a source in your text. This is also known as a citation and consists of the surname of the creator of the work and the date of publication, these are placed in brackets.
The second place is your reference list at the end of your work. This gives more details about the source including title and publisher.
If you mention the author as part of the sentence you only need to put the date in brackets … according to Christie (2019). If the author is not mentioned then both the author and date appear in brackets e.g. (Christie, 2019).
This is when you use the exact words from a work. The words quoted should have quotation marks at the beginning and end. These can be single ‘ or double ” please check which form your lecturer requires. You need to identify the author, the year it was published and the page number(s) where it can be found.
This is using your own words to describe what someone else has written. When paraphrasing you must be careful not to change the meaning of the original work. You need to identify the author, year of publication and page number(s) of the work you are paraphrasing.
This is taking the main points of a work and giving a brief description of them. You must give details of the source you are summarising in your work and mention the author and publication date.
The details required depend on the type of source you are referencing. Key elements will always include the author or creator, the title, and the date it was published. You need to add more details for each different type of source.
This is a list of all the resources you have mentioned and is placed at the end of your work. They should be listed in alphabetical order by their authors or creators. Where a work has no author then the title is used.
A bibliography is a list of the resources mentioned in your work and any other resources you have consulted as part of your research.
Details required are.
AUTHOR'S SURNAME, First Initial(s)., Publication year. Book title (in italics). Edition (if not first). Place of publication: Publisher.
Details of how to reference books with more than one author, editors or works with chapters by different authors are available in our downloadable reference guide.
AUTHOR'S SURNAME, First Initial(s)., Publication year. Book title. [online]. Place of publication: Publisher. Available from: URL [Accessed date].
References to journal articles should include the title of the article and the details of the journal it appears in.
Author's surname, initial(s)., Year of publication. Title of article. Title of Journal (in italics), Volume number and (part number) Month (if available), page numbers of article.
These references should include all the details listed for journals and the details of the online source and the date it was read.
AUTHOR'S SURNAME, First Initial(s)., Publication year. Article Title. Journal Title. [online]. Available from: URL [Accessed date].
AUTHOR'S SURNAME, First Initial(s)., Publication year. Page title. [online]. Place of publication: Publisher. Available from: URL [Accessed date].
If there is no author, reference by webpage name.
WEBPAGE NAME, Publication year. Page title. [online]. Place of publication: Publisher. Available from: URL [Accessed date].
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